Medieval Gujarat class 7 easy solutions : A man roamed about a village street playing a song in his violin. A group of small children was also roaming among with him. He continued to sing the same song repeatedly…
Among the children who sang along with singer was Pratik. When he returned home, he asked his grandfather about the Patola of Patan. Pratik’s granddad had an abundance of verifiable tales. While educating Pratik regarding patola, he informed him about the authentic city Patan.
In the Medieval age (746 C.E. to 1304 C.E.), around for around 560 Years prior, the Chavda, the solanki and Vaghela Dynasties governed over Gujarat. During their rule, the capital of their realm was Anhilpur Patan which later came to be known as Anhilwad Patan. Currently, Anawada Village that is simulated to the west of Patan was originally known as Anhilwad.
According to historical texts, the Chavda dynasty ruled over Panchasar. Its ruler Jaishikhari Attained martyrdom in a war. His son, Vanraj Chavda, Recaptured his father’s kingdom. In place of the rained kingdom, he established a new kingdom on the banks of the river saraswati, which was known as ‘Anhilwad Patan’ after him. From that point, the Solanki tradition managed over Gujarat. From that point, the Solanki tradition managed over Gujarat.
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During the rule of the Solanki dynasty , Gujarat became very prosperous. The Rajput Era saw Anhilwad Patan arise as quite possibly of the most impressive realm. The kings of this dynasty – Mulraj Solanki, Bhimdev Solanki, Siddhraj Jaysinh, Kumarpal were among the great rulers. The renowned researchers Shri. Hemchandraacharya was disparaged during the standard of Siddhraj Jaysinh. During his reign, Anhilwad Patan, Became the main centres of education and was known as “Vidhya Dham’. On his proposal, Shri. Hemchandraacharya wrotes a book on grammar, ‘Siddhem Shabdanushasan’. After his completion, the book was placed on the seat tied onto an elephant and the procession was carried throighout the city. Both, the king, Jaysinh and the composer Shri. Hemchandraacharya , accompanied the procession on foot. It was the first time that a a literary text was given such enormous respect. The success of Gujarat Reached its peak during the rule of Kumarpal. At this time, the amalgamation of non violence, Prosperity and education was noticed in Anhilwad Patan. The kings of the Solanki dynasty were great ruler. However, six of these rules renounced their throne to become hermits.
Anhilwad patan had not only dynamic kings and academicians but the queens were also equally dynamic. In fact, Udaymati built a step well for the welfare of her subject. This step well in known as Rani-ki-vav. This step well consisting of seven levels in an unparalleled of art and architecture. The beautifully carved stone idols tells us of the glory and prosperity of the Solanki Era. Queen Minaldevi, King Siddharaj Jaysinh’s mother, was much concerned about the welfare of the subjects and waived the pilgrim tax. The malav lakte at Dholka and the Munsar lake at Viramgam were constructed on her instructions. The Sahastralling lake of Patan was constructed during the reign of King Siddhraj Jaysinh.
The history of Anhilwad Patan is associated with the name if a brave, Heroic lady. After the death of king Ajaypal, his son being too young, Queen Naikidevi, his mother, took over the responsibility of the Kingdom. During this time, Shahbuddin Ghori crosses the desert and attacked Gujarat. Queen Naikidevi, exhibited enormous courage, tied her infant son to herself, led to army if Gujarat into the battle and successfully defeated Shahbudin Ghori.
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After the Solanki dynasty, the Vaghela dynasty ruled over Gujarat. The last emperor of the Vaghle Dynasty, Karandev Vaghela was defeated by Alauddin Khilji and it brought to the end of Rajput rule over Patan. Later on, for a period of time Anhilwad Patan remained the capital of Gujarat just for a namesake. During the Saltanate era, Ahmedshah established Ahmedabad in 1144 C.E. Thereafter, Patan Ceased being the capital of Gujarat and became the headquarters of Subagir District. The sultans ruled over Gujarat through the 15th century and till the wnd of the 16th during this era, notable sultans like Ahmedshah, Mahmud Begada and Muzaffarshah ruled over Gujarati. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Mughal dynasty established otself over Gujarat and thereafter, Many other kingdoms came into existence in Gujarat.
Administration : During the Solanki era, the king was the most powerful of all. The various departments of the kingdom were handled by different ministers. The most important minister was knows as ‘Mahamatya’ who looked after the finance department. The most important department of the administration was knows as ‘Mandal’. The capital of this kingdom was located on the banks of the river saraswati and hence it was known as ‘Saraswati Mandal’. The sub section of the Mandal was know as ‘Pathak’ There were several such ‘Pathaks’ which included many villages within their folds. Mandals such as Kutch Mandal, Saurashtra Mandal, Khetak Mandal, Laat Mandal, Medpaat Mandal were present during this time.
Architecture and Culture PDF Book
Architecture and Culture PDF Book : Many people followed Shaivism in Gujarat during the Solanki era. At this time, Somnath was the prime center of Shaivism while Dwarka the famous pilgrim center for the Vaishnavs. The impact of Buddhism decreased during the Medieval age while Jainism built up speed. As a result, Many magnificent Jain temples were built. This period also saw the progress of architecture, sculpture and painting. The architecture style of temple carving. The sun sanctuary of Modhera, the Vimala Vasahi sanctuary of Abu were developed in the eleventh hundred years while the Rudramahalaya sanctuary, the remade Somnath Temple were underlying the twelfth Century. The 13th Century saw the construction of the Dilwara temple of Mount Abu which attained a prominent place in the Architectural splendor of India.
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Along with the temple architecture of Gujarat , other architectural works as lakes, forts, gateways arches of temples were also included. Among all the Kirti Torans, The Kirti toran of Vadnagar is very famous. Manuscripts were usually written on palm leaves. Margins were drawn along the four sides of these 2-3 feet long and 2-3 inch wide leaves and within that limited space, writings or drawings were executed. Besides this, a lot of literary work on Jainism was accomplished during the Solanki era like the ‘Dwayashray Granth’.
Thus,,, during the Medieval age, for almost 560 Years, Gujarat was ruled over by the Rajput dynasty, and later by the Sultanate era and the Mughal era. This is evident from the architectural and the Literary works of that period.