Zaverchand Meghani – Life, Biography and Introduction

Zaverchand Meghani – Life, Biography and Introduction

Zaverchand Meghani – Life, Biography and Introduction : Zaverchand Meghani is poet, novelist, storyteller, researcher-editor of folklore, critic, translator and the recipient of the title of National Shire. Zaverchand Meghani has made such a great contribution in Gujarati literature. He has written over 100 books in a very short period of time on poetry, novels, novella, drama, biography, history, travelogue, folklore research and critique, folk songs and folk tales etc. If there is one important creation in all these creations, it is his creations composed in the color of patriotism.


Zaverchand Meghani Birth Date and Place :

Zaverchand Meghani was born on 9 August 19 in Chotila of Surendranagar district in the police quarters at the end of the village. His father Kalidas Devchand Meghani was serving as a criminal in the British Kathiawar Agency Police. His father was a fearless and good man. His mother was in Dholi. Since his father’s job was in the police department, he lived in many villages and districts. They studied at various places like Rajkot, Datha, Paliyad, Bagasara, Amreli.

He was staying in Rajkot till the age of 6 to 7 when the father of the accused, Kalidas Meghani, was transferred. He started his schooling in the year 1901 in the school then known as ‘Rashtriya Shire Zaverchand Meghani Primary School’. The enrollment form of that time is still preserved in this school. There are many memoirs and memories of Zaverchand Meghani with Rajkot. In which his younger brother died in the house of a sepoy in the police line by blowing a conch shell in the story of Satyanarayana. This has haunted him for a lifetime.

His criminal father was transferred to a place where there was a chowk, in a gir, in a mountain, in a place with a terrible river, on a hill. Thus the rites of circulation had already fallen from childhood with different cultures. After studying in different places like Datha, Paliyad, Zinjuwada, Wadhwan Camp, Lakhapadar, Bagasara etc., he last passed matriculation from Amreli in the year 1917. At the time of his transfer to Lakhapadar police outpost at Gir Naka, at the age of 11, he was away from his parents and went to study in his hometown Bagasara.

After completing her studies from Bagasara Middle School, she got her secondary education at the then Government High School in Amreli and the present TP Gandhi Girls School from 1910 to 1918. During her high school studies, Meghani stayed at Khetani Jain Boarding School in Amreli. After passing the matriculation examination with the first number, the old friend Darbar Vajsur Wala and the friends of Bal Mitramandal organized a special program at Madi of Darbargadh in Bugsar and awarded him the honorary degree.

Zaverchand Meghani Rashtriya Shayar

Accepting the invitation of Amrutlal Seth, known as the ‘Lion of Saurashtra’, he joined the editorial board of ‘Saurashtra’. In the year 19, he published his first Kruti ‘Stories of Sacrifice’. Mahatma Gandhi was honored at Ranpur Sudharai on April 19. Gandhiji spent the night in ‘Saurashtra’ press during his short stay at Ranpur. This was his first meeting with Gandhiji. In the year 19, the first part of ‘Saurashtrani Rasadhar’ was published. Authorities published the stories of 12 outlaws who took up arms against one or the other injustice committed by the authorities in three parts of ‘Sorathi Baharvatia‘ during the years 19 to 19.

The priceless pearl of folk culture and folk life was published in more than 30 folk songs-Rasgarba’s collection ‘Radhiyali Raat‘ in the first part 12 and in the fourth part 12. Around the year 19, Meghani had thought of freeing herself from the acquisition of ‘Saurashtra’ but at the insistence of Thakkarbapa she did not leave ‘Saurashtra’ but she stayed in Bhavnagar for some time. During his stay in Bhavnagar in the year 19, he composed the popular poem ‘Shivaji’s lullaby‘. The duo depicting the lives and poetry of about 15 saints was published by ‘Sorathi Santo‘ in the year 19 and ‘Puratan Jyot’ in the year 19.

Zaverchand Meghani Collage Life

Meghani’s college education started in the year 1917 from Shamaldas College in Bhavnagar. Were born. During his college studies, he lived a very simple life. They washed their own clothes and bathed in cold water, even in the bitter cold. His simplicity and simplicity touched Sahu and in college he came to be known as ‘Janakaraja‘. He used to write articles in the magazine of Shamaldas College under the pseudonym ‘M’. Every Poonam night, when a gathering of friends was held at the Jashonath temple in Bhavnagar, they were chanting Kalapi’s painful poems aloud.

During his college days, he developed an interest in the game of tennis. Gradually the game began to be played regularly. He also competed in various competitions and loved to watch cricket. In the year 1917, he joined Bahauddin College, Junagadh for an intensive study of Sanskrit. Gaurishankar Joshi ‘Dhumketu’ was his classmate there. B.A. Then in the year 1917 in Bhavnagar M.A. Began to study. At the same time, he worked as a teacher in Sanatan High School.

Zaverchand Meghani Kolkata Life Introduction

Lalchand Kalidas Meghani, the elder brother who settled in Calcutta, had to move to Calcutta in May 1917 due to illness. At that time, his MA studies in Bhavnagar were incomplete. He joined the utensils made by Jivanlal & Co. as he had to stay longer in Calcutta. There he began working as an assistant. He was then appointed manager of a factory on the banks of the Hooghly River. He learned Bengali by reading ‘sign boards’ circulating in the market. In the time he saved while performing faraj, he got acquainted with Bengali language, literature and culture.

In the year 1917, he composed the first poem ‘Divado Zankho Bale‘. He traveled to England with the owner of the company in 1917. He also visited the famous Oxford and Cambridge universities. Rabindranath Tagore’s favorite poem ‘Navvarsha‘ was sung by Meghani from his own mouth in Calcutta in the year 190 and it was very touching. After the death of Tagore in the year 191, he translated this poem in the year 19 and published the very popular and catchy song ‘Man Mor Bani Thangaat Kare‘ which is still popular today.

Zaverchand Meghani Marriage Life

He was married on August 19 to Damayanti Bahan, daughter of Manilal Manekchand Khara of Mumbai. Meghani got married immediately to take care of her decaying and dying elder sister Labhubahen. At this time, at the insistence of his friends, he composed his own song ‘Ha Re Dost! Halo in Grandpa’s country ‘was shouted loudly on this occasion.

Rashtriya Shayar Birud by Mahatma Gandhi

In the year 191, Gandhiji was very anxious to go to the Round Table Conference. He knew that the British government would not accept his offer of independence. The poem ‘Last Bowl‘ was written by Zaverchand Meghani at Ranpur on August 6 and the steamer reached Gandhiji. After reading this, he gave the title of ‘National Shire’ to Meghani.

Zaverchand Meghani death

Zaverchand Meghani had suffered a severe heart attack since the morning of March 6. He died of a heart attack late at night and died at the age of 90.

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Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak Award – Zaverchand Meghani :

On the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of Gujarat Sahitya Sabha in the year 19, it was decided to award ‘Ranjitram Gold Medal’ every year in the memory of its founder and well-known writer-researcher Ranjitram Vavabhai Mehta. Hiralal Parekh, chairman of the Ranjitram Smarak Samiti, suggested to Keshavlal Dhruv, president of the Gujarat Sahitya Sabha, that Zaverchand Meghani be the first to be honored with the ‘Ranjitram Gold Medal’ for his original and specialized research on folklore dear to Ranjitram Mehta. Zaverchand Meghani was awarded the first ever ‘Ranjitram Gold Medal‘ of 19 during the Silver Jubilee program of Gujarat Sahitya Sabha held on 15-16 March at Sir Chinubhai Baronet’s bungalow ‘Shantikunj’ in Shahibaug, Ahmedabad.

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