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Gupta age and other rulers PDF 2023
Gupta age and other rulers PDF 2023 : We will get information about Indus Valley in the next post, now we will get information about Gupta dynasty. There is an iron pillar in Delhi with inscriptions in Sanskrit. It mentions the Gupta period as the golden Era of Indian History. Let us read more about this age and its rulers.
chandragupta I :
it is believed that srigupta founded the Gupta Empire in Magadha. His descendant, Chandragupta I came to thee throne of Patliputra around 330 C.E. He married a lichhavi princess, Kumardevi and extended his empire with the help of Kumardevi’s father. Chandragupta laid a strong foundation for the Gupta rule by conquering Prayag (Present Day Allahabad) and Saket (Present Day Ayodhya). He acquired the title of ‘Maharajadhira’ due to his skilful political and administrative strategies.
Chandragupta was not just a great conqueror, but also an able administrator. He was a great patron of arts and culture and a supporter of Religion. it is believed that he started ‘Gupta Samvat’ a chronological record of auspicious occasions, victories and attainment of power which has helped the historians in getting information about this period of Indian history. The Vallabhi rulers of Saurashtra also accepted the ‘Gupta Samvat’.
Chandragupta I got gold coins minted at the time of his marriage with Kumardevi. One side of the coin had the Names of Chandragupta and Kumardevi and the other side had the image of goddess Lakshmi with the Name ‘Lichchviya’ written. The credit of minting such beautiful and artistic coins goes to Chandragupta I. He was the first independent successful rulers of his time.
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Chandragupta I was succeeded by his son, Samundragupta. We get information about Samundragupta’s reign from the famous pillar at Allahabad (Prayag Prashasti0. After ascending the throne Samundragupta continued the tradition of conquests and won several battles to establish himself as a Gupta King.
Within a short span of time Samundragupta asserted his authorities over many north Indian Kingdoms u[ to Kushan Kingdom, in Present day Afghanistan. He conquered parts of modern day Orissa and extended his empire towards south. He Defeated and Imprisoned almost 13 rulers of South India but freed them on realizing that it was difficult for him to rule over them from Patliputra. The Rulers of the defeated kingdoms paid homage to him. Governors and other officers were appointed by him to run the administration properly.
Samundragupta was not just an outstanding conqueror but the most cultured Gupta king. He was a great patron of arts, literature and music. His character and literary achievement are truly noteworthy. Hew was a great poet himself and was honored with the title of ‘Kaviraj’. In one of the coins belonging to the Gupta age, He is seen playing the Veena, Which shows his love for Music.
Samundragupta performed the ‘Ashwamedha Yagna’ ti add a feather to his victories. He got coins minted on special occasions. He patronized scholars who composed great literary works. He liked to spend time in the Company of learned people and he himself understood the essence of Shastras. He was a followers of The Great Hindu Religion and accepted its rituals and traditions.
The ports at Khambhat and Bharuch Encouraged overseas trade which added great prosperity to Samundragupta’s Empire.
In the History of ancients Indian the Place of Samundragupta is unique and Noteworthy. He was indeed a great emperor and helped Gupta empire to reach its most glorious period.
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Emperor chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) :
Chandragupta II Ascended the throne in 375 C.E. After the Death of Samundragupt. His real name was Devgupta but he popularly knows as Chandragupta II like His grandfather Chandragupta I. He was Successful in maintaining the Huge, Inherited empire and further extended it by conquering and annexing more states.
The boundary of the Gupta empire Touched the Shaka Kingdom. Chandragupta II succeeded in defeating the Shakas and brought an end to the Kshatrap dynasty. As a result of this victory he was given the title of Shakari. He also acquired the title of Vikramaditya and started the Vikram Samvat Hindu Calendar.
Under Chandragupta II, Long Distance trade prospered with West Asia, Roman Empire and even countries of South East Asia.
Chinese travellee who visited India During the reign of Chandragupta II Has written in his travelogues about the rule of Chanddragupta, Administration and society under the Guptas. Chandragupta followed the Vaishanav sect of Hinduism but had great respect for other religions. He was tolerant towards Buddhism and his council of ministers had some Buddhist Followers also. His Commander-in-Chief Amrakar Dev was a Buddhist. Chandragupta II got Buddhist Monasteries built in and Around Patliputra.
The reign of Chandragupta Vikramaditya became one of the most glorious ages of Indian History. The cultural achievements during his reign made Gupta age the ‘Golden Age of Indian History’. He Patronized and Scholars like poet Kalidasa and Scientist Varajmihita Etc…. Who were the pride of his court. Apart from patliputra, He made Ujjains his second Capital.
Achievements of the Gupta golden age :
Gupta age is the most glorious and prosperous age of Indian History. Any age is termed as the Golden age when there are extraordinary political achievements, Social life is peaceful and there is cooperation amongst people. The Gupta society believed in equality, tolerance and progress. There was economic prosperity and all round development of Arts, Literature, Science and CultureGupta age was thus knows as the ‘Golden Age’. Let us study in detail the Achievement of the Gupta Age.
Political Achievement :
The Gupta Empire kept northern India Politically united for more than 200 Years and came close the Mauryas in terms of geographical extent. Almost all important northern kingdoms were conquered by the Guptas and even the southern kingdoms paid them tributes. Gupta’s established a very effective and efficient administrative system to look after their empire. The king was at the head of the Administrative system and the empire was divided onto smaller province which were looked after by governors appointed by the King. The judicial system was also well developed and justice was imparted according to the law. Thus the Gupta administration was an idean system which always took care of the welfare of the People.
Economic Achievements :
An efficient administrative system under the Gupta’s led to peace and securities in the empire. This helped in the economics development of the Society. Trade flourished under the Gupta kings and the empire became prosperous. The ports on the western coast like bharuch and khambhat, encouraged overseas trade with eastern roman empire, West Asia, Countries of South East Asia, Africa and Even China. Cities like Ujjain, Mathura, Prayag Vaishali and Patliputra became centers of Economics development where traders prospered and spent money on charity and welfare.
Gupta age and other rulers PDF 2022 | Scientific Achievement :
Gupta age has given Indian History great scientists and mathematician. Arysbhatta was an eminent mathematician who gave the world the demical system and the Concept of zero. Varahmihira was a great scientist whose book Brihas-Samhita explained the movements of the Planets. Vagabhatta carried out several research to propagate Ayurveda.
The iron pillar at Mehrauli near Delhi is an example of their Expertise in Metallurgy. The pillar has not rusted even after almost 1600 Years.
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Social and Religious Achievement :
The society under the Guptas was progressive and people lived happy and content lives. They Celebrated fairs and festivals enthusiastically and enjoyed variety in food and attire.
Religions gained imporatance in the Gupta period. The Gupta age revived Hinduism but the rulers were tolerant towards other religions.
The kings performed Yagnas like the Ashwamegha Yagna, Idols of Gods and Goddesses were worshipped in temples and the worship of Bramh , Vishnu and Shiva gained popularity.