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President Election Process in India UPSC 2023
President Election Process in India UPSC 2023 : According to the Constitution of India, there will be a President of India. Who is also considered as the first citizen of India. In Indian democracy and the constitutional system, the most prestigious position is that of President. Today we will get all the information about the office of the President of India here and learn about his election process and other important matters about the President. So we should continue on toward more data.
President of India 2023
The President and Vice President of India are discussed in Part III of the Constitution of India. In which,
- In Article 3, the President of India
- Executive power of the Union in Article 6
- Article 2 Elections of the President of India
- Article 2 of the Presidential Election Procedure
- Term of office of the President in Article 3
- Eligibility for re-election in Article 5
- Eligibility for election as President in Article 8
- Conditions of the office of the President in Article 7
- An oath or pledge to be taken by the President in Article 50
- Procedure of the main allegations against the President in Article 21
- Article 6: Time to hold elections to fill the vacancy of the office of the President
According to the union’s executive power, he will be the head of the defense force and will be regulated by law.
Indian President Election Process
The election of the President shall be conducted by members of the electorate consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and elected members of the State Legislatures. Which is called Electoral College. The members of the Electoral College are proportionally represented. In which a unanimous vote is transferred but their second choice is also calculated. This process is called Single Vote Transferable System or Single Transferable Vote System.
In the event of a presidential election, each elected member of the State Legislative Assembly shall have a number of votes equal to one thousand divided by the total number of elected members of that State according to the population of that State. After deducting the Sadarhu coefficient of one thousand, if there is no less than five hundred remaining, one vote will be added to the votes of each member.
Divide the total number of votes allotted to the members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States under the above by the total number of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and count the fractions above one-third as one and hence not counting the lesser fractions. Voting on this election will be secret.
Note This : As per the above, until the first census data of the year 206 is published in the population, the census data of the year 121 will have to be mentioned.
Term of Office of the President of India (Article-56)
The term of office of the President shall be five years from the date on which he assumes office.
- The President may resign from his post by addressing the Vice-President in a signature.
- The President can be removed from office by impeachment as per the provision made in Article 21 for violation of the Constitution.
- The President will continue in office until his successor takes office despite the expiration of his term.
Note : The Vice-President shall immediately inform the Speaker of the Lok Sabha of the resignation addressed to him in the process of resignation mentioned above.
Eligibility for Re-election of President – Article 57
A person holding or has held the office of President shall be deemed eligible for re-election to this office subject to other provisions of the Constitution.
Eligibility for Election of President of India – Article 58
Anyone who is not a citizen of India, has not reached the age of thirty-five, and is not eligible to be elected as a member of the Lok Sabha will not be considered eligible to be elected President.
A person holding a lucrative position under the Government of India or any State Government or any local or other authority under the control of any of the above Governments will not be qualified to be chosen as President. (Beneficial position means not having a job in government).
Term of Office of the President of India (Article – 59)
The President shall not be a member of either House of Parliament or of any State Legislature, and if a member of either House of Representatives or of any State Legislature is elected as President, you shall vacate that House on the date on which he assumes office. . The President cannot hold any other lucrative position.
The President shall have the right to use his official residence without renting, as well as the allowances, allowances and privileges as Parliament may decide by law, and the same shall be entitled to the allowances, allowances and privileges specified in the Second Schedule unless such provision is made.
Oath Taken by President of India (Article – 60)
Each President and each individual acting or going about as President should make the accompanying vow and sign it within the sight of the Chief Justice of India or without any the most senior appointed authority of the Supreme Court in his nonattendance prior to expecting office.
“I swear for God … then again genuinely swear that I will reliably play out the commitments of the President of India and maintain, protect and defend the Constitution and the law to the best of my ability and the people of India.” I will be engaged in service and welfare. “
Article 61 Procedure for Impeachment of the President
When the President is to be accused of violating the Constitution, one of the two houses of Parliament will have to lay the blame. An indictment is a resolution which is not tabled by at least one-fourth of the total number of members of the House after giving at least 15 days’ written notice with their signatures of their intention to present it and such resolution shall be at least two of the total members of the House. Cannot be placed unless one-third is done by a majority.
When one of the two Houses of Parliament has made such an accusation, the other House must investigate or have the accusation investigated, and the President has the right to be present at such an inquiry and to make representations on his behalf.
As a result of the investigation, the accusation against the President survives by at least two-thirds of the total number of members of the House investigating or conducting the accusation.
Vacancy in the Office of President of India must be filled Within ? – Article 62
Elections to fill the vacancy left by the expiration of the term of office of the President shall be held before the expiration of that term. In case of vacancy due to death, resignation or resignation of the President or any other reason, an election shall be held to fill the vacancy as soon as possible after the date of vacancy and in any case before six months have elapsed. The right to hold office for a period of five years from the date of assuming office.
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The President’s power to grant amnesty, etc., and in certain instances to suspend, remit or reduce the sentence (Article 6)
Article 7: In cases where the President has been convicted by a military court, in cases where the executive power of the Union extends to punishment or punishment for an offense against the law, in cases where the death penalty has been imposed, a person convicted of an offense is pardoned. Will have the power to do so, to suspend its execution, to reduce it or to waive it or to suspend the sentence, to waive it or to reduce it.
There shall be no impediment to the power conferred by law on any officer of the Union Armed Forces to suspend, pardon or commute a sentence passed by a military court.
Thus, as stated in the Constitution of India, information about the President of India has been placed. This information is meant to be very useful for your upcoming exams. If you have query then you can tell us from comment section below. If you liked this article, please let us know in the comment box. Other similar information will be posted soon.