UNESCO World Heritage sites in India UPSC : We all know that India has cultural and natural heritage from ancient times and people from all over the country come to visit the cultural and natural heritage sites in India, so in this article we will get complete information about the cultural heritage sites of India.
In this age many youths do not have information about cultural places and these cultural heritage places questions are also asked in government exams so this article can be very helpful for those students who are preparing for government exams.
Now let’s get information about the cultural places of India one by one through this article.
UNESCO World Heritage sites in India UPSC
Konark sun temple UPSC
The Sun Temple of Konark was built in the 13th century during the reign of King Narasimha Varman I of the Ganga dynasty. This Rath temple is in the form of a Sun Chariot pulled by seven animals. It has twelve huge wheels. Adding beauty to the base of the temple, these wheels reflect the 12 months of the year. While each chakra has eight sharas which represent the eight strikes of the day. This temple is unique in terms of motifs and subject matter. This temple is also known as ‘Black Pagoda‘ as it is built from black stones.
Lal Kila UNESCO world heritage site
The Red Fort located in Delhi was built in 1638. Built of red stones, Shah Jahan built this fort after his name Shah Jahan. There are many walls and buildings inside this fort. The Red Fort ranks among the outstanding buildings of Mughal architecture. Every year the flag is hoisted from this fort on the occasion of national festivals.
Ajanta caves UPSC notes
A total of 29 caves are located here in the shape of a horseshoe carved out of a simple mountain ridge. Ajanta caves are important in terms of architecture. The caves here can be divided into two groups 1. Caves based on paintings and 2. Caves based on sculptures. Among the pictorial caves, caves numbered 1 2 10 16 and 17 are also pictorially unique and of high quality. The main subject of these paintings is Buddhism. Ajanta caves can be divided into two types. Chaitya and Vihara 9 10 19 Caves numbered 26 and 29 are Chaitya and all other caves are Vihara. Ajanta caves were once forgotten. The Ajanta Caves rank among the best examples of early Buddhist Vaastu cave paintings and sculpture. Ajanta Caves are located near Ajanta village in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state.
Ellora caves UNESCO
Ellora Caves are situated close to Aurangabad in the province of Maharashtra. There are a total of 34 caves here and all the caves have a set of three different temples.
- Caves related to Buddhism are numbered one to 12.
- Caves related to Hinduism are 29 in number since then.
- Caves related to Jainism are numbered 30 to 34.
The caves of Hinduism were built during the time of the Rashtrakuta kings. Kailash temple is located in cave number 16 in it and the important thing is that this whole temple was built from a single stone Gotri. Which is 50 meters long, 33 meters wide and 30 meters high. Adornment of the temple is a sight to behold, with intricately carved doorways and rows of beautiful pillars. And Ellora Caves in hilly areas e. 600 to AD. Dating back to AD 1000, these caves are a vivid display of ancient Indian civilization.
Elephanta caves UPSC
The Elephanta Caves are located in the Arabian Sea, 12 km from Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. Elephanta has 7 caves in total. The Portuguese named this cave Elephanta. He gave this name because of the sculpture of an elephant carved out of stones here and many beautiful sculptures are done inside this cave in which Trimurti is counted among the best sculptures in the world. This idol is located in Cave No.1. Local fishermen call this place as ‘Dharapuri’.
Brihadeshwara temple UPSC
This temple is also called Raj Rajeshwari temple as it was built by the 16th dynasty king Raja Raj Pratham. Brihadeshwar Temple is located in Tanjore, Tamil Nadu state. This temple was built in From S. 1003 AD. It happened in the period of 1010 AD. As this temple belongs to Lord Shiva, it is called Brihadeshwar temple. The temple is built in a walled enclosure 500 feet long and 250 feet wide and the spire of the temple is about 200 feet above the ground. At that time Brihadeshwar Temple was the grand peak among the high peaked temples due to its harmonious and artistic ornamentation in its grand size, this temple has an unmistakable heritage in the architectural art of India. Built in the Dravidian style, these temples rank among the grand temples of South India.
Rani ki Vav UNESCO world heritage site
Patan also has many places to visit such as Rani Vav Rahasalinga Lake and Rudra Mahalaya in Siddhpur all architecturally worth seeing. The splendid ruins of Rudra Mahalaya at Siddhpur, 26 km from Patan, give an introduction to the majesty of the palace. Rani Udayamati, before Bhimdev, constructed a vav to complete the water system for the people, which is called Rani’s vav by all. In 2014, this wav was included in the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Rani Vav draws attention to how beautiful the water system was in earlier times or even in ancient times.
Adalaj’s seed near Gandhinagar, Rani’s seed in Patan, Adi Kadini seed in Junagadh, Nadiad Mehmedabad, Umrethi Kaleshwari, etc. are also located. All these vavs are constructed with such skill that we keep watching them once we see them.
Khajuraho temple architecture UPSC
Temples are located at Khajuraho in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. Khajuraho was the capital of the Sandal kings of Buland Khand. Around 80 temples were built here during the period of these kings. At present there are 25 temples surviving there. Most of these 80 temples were Shiva temples while some were Vaishnava and Jain temples. All these temples were almost similar in design and their sculpture.
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Hampi temple UNESCO
Hampi is located in Hospet taluka of Katti district of Karnataka state. Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The rulers of Vijayanagara were art lovers. During his reign, distinctive styles of architecture developed in Vijayanagara state. This architectural style reached its peak during the time of Krishnadevaraya I. The main features of the Vijayanagara architectural style are the magnificent tall and artistic pillars carved out of massive stones. There are many beautiful and artistic sculptures of gods, humans, animals, warriors, dancers etc. on the pillars and stabhavalis. Vitthal Temple and Hazara Ram Temple were built during Krishnadevaraya period in Hampi Nagar in Vijayanagar Empire. Apart from this, Virupaksha temple, Shrikrishna etc. temples are also located here.
Mahabalipuram temple UPSC
The city in Tamil Nadu is very famous for its temple architecture and sea shore. Mahabalipuram is located 60 km from Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu. The town is named Mahabalipuram after the nickname Mahalla of the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I of South India. At that time, a total of seven Ratha temples were built here. Out of these seven temples, five temples survive and two chariot temples were lost in the sea.
Apart from this, the statue of Lord Vishnu in a laughing pose and the sculpture of Goddess Durga killing Mahisasura are worth seeing in the east of Mahabali. Mahabalipuram was also a famous port of ancient India.
Fatehpur Sikri architecture UPSC
Construction work of buildings in Sikri. It was started in 1569 AD and By 1572, many buildings were built here, among these buildings were the palace of Birbal, the palace of Turkish Sultan. The best is the Jama Masjid and its high gate. Buland Door is 50 meters high and 41 meters wide. Another famous part of Fatehpur Sikri is Jodhabai’s palace, Panchmahal, Sheikh Salim Chist’s mausoleum etc. women are notable. Fatepur Sikri is located 26 miles from Agra in Uttar Pradesh. Akbar built this city in memory of Sufi saint Salim Chisti.
Dholavira and Lothal
Dholavira and Lothal were both Indus Civilization towns. Dholaweera is situated in Purcha Bet of Bhachau Taluka of Kutch. Around 5000 years ago, jewelry making and bead making centers are found in this town. Lothal is a Surat archaeological site located near Bhavnagar Highway in Ahmedabad. Which in ancient times was a port of Harappan civilization with great facilities and facilities. Dholavira was known for its ideal town structure and for being a center of trade and commerce of the Harappan civilization.
Agra fort UPSC
This fort was built by Akbar in AD. Done in 1565. Only Sanatan Hindu style is clearly visible on the fort of Agra. The fort has a 70 feet high wall. The circumference of this fort is one and a half miles. The special feature of this fort is that the red stones are skillfully joined in its structure in such a way that not a single crack is visible in the wall. Located in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, this fort is made of red stones, hence it is called Red Fort.
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